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From discrete monomeric complexes to hydrogen-bonded dimeric assemblies based on sterically encumbered square planar palladium(II) ONN-pincers.

Authors
  • Adeyi, Okoh
  • Cross, Warren B
  • Forrest, Gregory
  • Godfrey, Luke
  • Hope, Eric G
  • McLeod, Andrew
  • Singh, Amandeep
  • Singh, Kuldip
  • Solan, Gregory A
  • Wang, Yining
  • Wright, Luka A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Dalton Transactions
Publisher
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Date
Jun 07, 2013
Volume
42
Issue
21
Pages
7710–7723
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1039/c3dt50176k
PMID: 23546021
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The 2-(3-biphenyl-2-ol)-6-iminepyridines, 2-(3-C12H8-2-OH)-6-(CH=NAr)C5H3N (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (L1a-H), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (L1b-H)), have been prepared in high yield via sequential Suzuki coupling, deprotection and condensation reactions from 2-methoxybiphenyl-3-ylboronic acid and 2-bromo-6-formylpyridine. Treatment of L1-H with Pd(OAc)2 or (MeCN)2PdCl2 results in deprotonation of L1-H to afford the discrete square planar ONN-chelates, [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CHNAr)C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (1a), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (1b)) and [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CH=NAr)C5H3N}PdCl] (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (2a), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (2b)), in good yield, respectively; conversion of 1 to 2 using aqueous sodium chloride has been demonstrated. Selective reduction of the imino unit in L1-H with LiAlH4 proceeds smoothly to yield the 2-(3-biphenyl-2-ol)-6-(methylamine)pyridines, 2-(3-C12H8-2-OH)-6-(CH2-NHAr)C5H3N (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (L2a-H), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (L2b-H)), which on reaction with Pd(OAc)2 give [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CH2-NHAr)C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (3a), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (3b)). Depending on the temperature of the reaction, the oxidised aldimine products 1a or 1b can also be observed as a competitive side-product during the formation of 3a or 3b. Similarly, ketimine-containing, [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CMe=N(2,6-i-Pr2C6H3))C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (5), can be detected during the preparation of chiral [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CMeH-NH(2,6-i-Pr2C6H3))C5H3N}Pd(OAc)] (4) from 2-(3-C12H8-2-OH)-6-(CH2-NH(2,6-i-Pr2C6H3))C5H3N (L3-H) and Pd(OAc)2. Complexes 3a, 3b and 4 all exist as dimeric species in the solid state in which two anti-aligned square planar monomers are held together by two intermolecular NH(amine)···O(phenolate) interactions resulting in palladium–palladium separations of between 3.141–3.284 Å. The structurally related chloride-containing dimeric assemblies, [{2-(3-C12H8-2-O)-6-(CH2-NHAr)C5H3N)}PdCl] (Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (6a), 2,4,6-Me3C6H2 (6b)), can also be isolated on treatment of 3 with aqueous sodium chloride or by reaction of L3-H with (MeCN)2PdCl2. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies have been performed on L1a-H, L3-H, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 6a and 6b.

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