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Frequent occurrence of protein isoforms with or without a single amino acid residue by subtle alternative splicing: the case of Gln in DRPLA affects subcellular localization of the products.

Authors
  • Tadokoro, Keiko
  • Yamazaki-Inoue, Mayu
  • Tachibana, Maki
  • Fujishiro, Mina
  • Nagao, Kazuaki
  • Toyoda, Masashi
  • Ozaki, Miwako
  • Ono, Masami
  • Miki, Nobuhiro
  • Miyashita, Toshiyuki
  • Yamada, Masao
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of human genetics
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2005
Volume
50
Issue
8
Pages
382–394
Identifiers
PMID: 16091834
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Protein isoforms with or without a single amino acid residue make a subtle difference. It has been documented on a few genes that alternative splicing generated such isoforms; however, the fact has attracted little attention. We became aware of a subtle sequence difference in DRPLA, a polyglutamine disease gene for dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy. Some reported cDNA sequences lacked 3 nucleotides (nt) (CAG), which were positioned apart from the expandable and polymorphic CAG repeats and also coded for glutamine. We experimentally confirmed that the difference was indeed generated by alternative splicing utilizing two acceptors separated by 3 nt. In DRPLA, the expression ratio of two mRNA isoforms was almost constant among tissues, with the CAG-included form being major. The glutamine-included protein isoform was more predominantly localized in the nucleus. Database searching revealed that alternative splice acceptors, as well as donors, are frequently situated very close to each other. We experimentally confirmed two mRNA isoforms of 3 nt difference in more than 200 cases by RT-PCR and found interesting features associated with this phenomena. Inclusion of 3 nt tends to result in single amino acid inclusion despite the phase of translational frame. The expression ratio sometimes varied extensively among tissues.

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