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Freelance as a Creative Mode of Self-employment in a New Economy (a Literature Review)

Authors
  • Baitenizov, Daniyar T.1
  • Dubina, Igor N.2, 3
  • Campbell, David F. J.4, 5
  • Carayannis, Elias G.6
  • Azatbek, Tolkyn A.1
  • 1 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan , Astana (Kazakhstan)
  • 2 Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia , Novosibirsk (Russia)
  • 3 Altai State University, Barnaul, Russia , Barnaul (Russia)
  • 4 Danube University Krems, Krems, Austria , Krems (Austria)
  • 5 University of Applied Arts Vienna, Vienna, Austria , Vienna (Austria)
  • 6 The George Washington University, Washington DC, USA , Washington DC (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the Knowledge Economy
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Dec 03, 2018
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
1–17
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13132-018-0574-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Self-employment, as an economic and labour phenomenon, contributes noticeably to the economy of many countries. This paper presents an analytical review of the literature of 1970–2017, on the subject of self-employment and freelance as a new form of self-employment, and reveals tendencies and perspectives for the development of self-employment in context of the processes of globalisation and the forming and formation of a new (creative, knowledge and innovation) economy or a creative creativity economy.

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