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On fractional Euler-Lagrange and Hamilton equations and the fractional generalization of total time derivative

  • Baleanu, Dumitru
  • Muslih, Sami I.
  • Rabei, Eqab M.
Publication Date
Aug 13, 2007
Submission Date
Aug 13, 2007
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Fractional mechanics describes both conservative and non-conservative systems. The fractional variational principles gained importance in studying the fractional mechanics and several versions are proposed. In classical mechanics the equivalent Lagrangians play an important role because they admit the same Euler-Lagrange equations. By adding a total time derivative of a suitable function to a given classical Lagrangian or by multiplying with a constant the Lagrangian we obtain the same equations of motion. In this study, the fractional discrete Lagrangians which differs by a fractional derivative are analyzed within Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives. As a consequence of applying this procedure the classical results are reobtained as a special case. The fractional generalization of $Fa\grave{a}$ di Bruno formula is used in order to obtain the concrete expression of the fractional Lagrangians which differs from a given fractional Lagrangian by adding a fractional derivative. The fractional Euler-Lagrange and Hamilton equations corresponding to the obtained fractional Lagrangians are investigated and two examples are analyzed in details.

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