Vaginal suppositories frequently used in gynaecological therapy were studied. Several antibacterial pharmacons are used for the topical treatment of vaginitis of various origins. However, the choice of the vaginal suppository base was often considered to be of minor importance for a long time. In view of the fact that the liberation of the given active substance and the subsequent therapeutic effect may be improved or inhibited by the vehicle, their aim was to find the optimal suppository base for vaginal suppositories containing sulphadimidine, chloramphenicol and gentamicin-sulphate by means of in vitro experiments. On the basis of breaking hardness, disintegration time and spreading properties the French Suppocire NA product, and compositions of macrogols with lower molecular weight proved to be the best lipophilic and hydrophilic bases respectively.