Knee joint contracture is often induced by anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, the temporal and spatial arthrofibrotic changes following inflammatory events, which occur in parallel with the formation of joint contractures after ACLR, are unknown. This study aimed to reveal: (a) time-dependent changes in myogenic and arthrogenic contractures; and (b) the process of arthrofibrosis development after ACLR. ACLR was performed on knees of rats unilaterally. Passive ranges of motions (ROMs) before and after myotomy, as well as inflammatory and fibrotic reactions, were examined before and after the surgery at various periods up to 56 days. Both ROMs before and after myotomy exhibited their lowest value on day 7 and increased thereafter in a time-dependent manner; nevertheless, significant restrictions remained by day 56. Myotomy partially increased ROMs at all time points, indicating contribution of the myogenic component to ACLR-induced contracture. Inflammatory and fibrotic reactions peaked on day 7. Arthrofibrosis, characterized by the thickening of the joint capsule and the shortening of the synovial length, was established by day 7 and was not completely resolved by day 56. Our results indicate that: (a) both myogenic and arthrogenic contractures generated through ACLR develop maximally by day 7 after surgery and subside thereafter, but persist at least until day 56; and (b) arthrofibrosis is established by day 7 after surgery and is not completely resolved by day 56. These findings suggest that treatment and intervention for preventing joint contracture after ACLR should be performed within the first 7 days after surgery. © 2020 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.