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Formation of rabbit reaginic antibodies to protein and hapten—protein conjugates

Authors
  • Ö. Strannegård
  • Alice Yurchision
Publication Date
Mar 01, 1969
Source
PMC
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Biology
License
Unknown

Abstract

The capacities of BSA and DNP—protein conjugates to evoke reagin formation in rabbits were compared. Reagins to DNP generally appeared earlier and disappeared more rapidly from the circulation than did anti-BSA reagins. Initial formation of reagins proceeded with a logarithmic phase indicating a doubling time of 7–8 hours. Booster antigen injections resulted in some cases in a reagin response after a shorter latent phase than that observed after primary immunization. A secondary reagin response was more readily evoked in rabbits with low titres of agglutinating antibodies than in those with high titres. Anti-DNP reagins were demonstrable in a higher percentage of the injected rabbits than were anti-BSA reagins. The two types of reagins were equally sensitive to heat and 2-mercaptoethanol. A positive correlation between serum levels of anti-DNP but not anti-BSA reagins and agglutinating antibodies was demonstrated. Some evidence that a low antigen dose was more efficient than a high dose in evoking reagin formation was obtained. Treatment of rabbits with 6-mercaptopurine during the 1st week following antigen injection resulted in an increased latent phase and an enhancement of the production of anti-BSA reagins and some suppression of the formation of anti-DNP reagins.

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