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Formation and characterization of the gallium and indium subhydride molecules Ga2H2 and In2H2: a matrix isolation study.

Authors
  • Himmel, Hans-Jörg
  • Manceron, Laurent
  • Downs, Anthony J
  • Pullumbi, Pluton
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Apr 24, 2002
Volume
124
Issue
16
Pages
4448–4457
Identifiers
PMID: 11960474
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Ga2 reacts spontaneously with H2 in solid Ar matrixes at 12 K to form the cyclic molecule Ga(mu-H)2Ga. In2 does not react with H2 under similar conditions, but irradiation at wavelengths near 365 nm induces the formation of the corresponding indium hydride, In(mu-H)2In. The molecules have been identified and characterized by the IR spectra displayed by matrixes containing the metal and H2, D2, HD, or H2 + D2; they each have planar, dihydrido-bridged structures with D2h symmetry, as endorsed by comparison of the measured spectra (i) with the properties forecast by quantum chemical calculations and (ii) with the spectra of known gallium and indium hydrides. Both are photolabile under visible light (lambda > 450 nm): green light (lambda = ca. 546 nm) causes Ga(mu-H)2Ga to isomerize to a mixture of HGaGaH and H2GaGa, whereas broad-band visible irradiation (lambda > 450 nm) of In(mu-H)2In gives rise to the isomer HInInH, together with InH. The isomerization can be reversed by UV photolysis (lambda = ca. 365 nm) of HGaGaH, H2GaGa, and HInInH or by near-IR photolysis (lambda > 700 nm) of HGaGaH and H2GaGa.

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