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Formal intervention in employee health: comparisons of the nature and structure of employee assistance programs and health promotion programs.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Social Science & Medicine
0277-9536
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
26
Issue
5
Pages
503–514
Identifiers
PMID: 3281276
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Health promotion programs (HPP) and employee assistance programs (EAP) are compared in terms of their structure and process. Two common themes are extracted: a belief that both are beneficial to both employers and employees, and a sense of 'mission'. The technology of HPP and EAP are examined and compared. EAPs' stimulation from Federal funding is contrasted with the more indigenous roots of HPPs. Examination of empirical data comparing organizations with EAPs which have and have not adopted HPPs indicate the former tend to be somewhat more 'caring' toward employees. An examination of program ingredients indicates much greater commonality of structural and processual ingredients within EAPs as compared to HPPs. The extent to which each program type has become more 'populist' in orientation and the implications of these changes for program technology are considered. Finally the paper describes differences in program evaluation stemming from target group definitions in the two types of programs.

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