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Footprints in the wind of Vela X-1 traced with MAXI

  • Doroshenko, V.
  • Santangelo, A.
  • Nakahira, S.
  • Mihara, T.
  • Sugizaki, M.
  • Matsuoka, M.
  • Nakajima, M.
  • Makishima, K.
Publication Date
Apr 22, 2013
Submission Date
Apr 22, 2013
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321305
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The stellar wind around the compact object in luminous wind-accreting high mass X-ray binaries is expected to be strongly ionized with the X-rays coming from the compact object. The stellar wind of hot stars is mostly driven by light absorption in lines of heavier elements, and X-ray photo-ionization significantly reduces the radiative force within the so-called Stroemgren region leading to wind stagnation around the compact object. In close binaries like Vela X-1 this effect might alter the wind structure throughout the system. Using the spectral data from Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI), we study the observed dependence of the photoelectric absorption as function of orbital phase in Vela X-1, and find that it is inconsistent with expectations for a spherically-symmetric smooth wind. Taking into account previous investigations we develop a simple model for wind structure with a stream-like photoionization wake region of slower and denser wind trailing the neutron star responsible for the observed absorption curve.

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