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Folding of the amino-terminal domain of apolipoprotein B initiates microsomal triglyceride transfer protein-dependent lipid transfer to nascent very low density lipoprotein.

Authors
  • Ingram, M F
  • Shelness, G S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB)
Publication Date
Apr 11, 1997
Volume
272
Issue
15
Pages
10279–10286
Identifiers
PMID: 9092579
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The initial assembly of apolipoprotein B100 (apoB) into lipoprotein particles occurs cotranslationally. To examine steps required to initiate this process, the intracellular folding and assembly of the amino-terminal 28% of apoB (apoB28) was examined using several criteria including nonreducing gel electrophoresis, sensitivity to dithiothreitol (DTT)-mediated reduction, and buoyant density gradient centrifugation. In hepatoma cells, after a 1-min pulse with radiolabeled amino acids, labeled apoB28 migrated during gel electrophoresis in the folded position and was resistant to reduction in vivo with 2 mM DTT. A similar rate and extent of folding was observed in Chinese hamster ovary cells, a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP)-negative cell line that can neither lipidate nor efficiently secrete apoB28. Amino-terminal folding of apoB28 was essential for its subsequent intracellular lipidation as apoB28 synthesized in hepatoma cells under reducing conditions remained lipid poor (d > 1.25 g/ml) and was retained intracellularly. Upon DTT removal, reduced apoB28 underwent a process of rapid (t1/2 approximately 2 min) post-translational folding followed by a slower process of MTP-dependent lipidation. As with the cotranslational assembly pathway, post-translational lipidation of apoB28 displayed a strict dependence upon amino-terminal folding. We conclude that: 1) folding of the amino-terminal disulfide bonded domain of apoB is achieved prior to the completion of translation and is independent of MTP and events associated with buoyant lipoprotein formation and 2) domain-specific folding of apoBs amino-terminal region is required to initiate MTP-dependent lipid transfer to nascent apoB in the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum.

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