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Focused X-shaped (Superluminal) pulses

  • Rached, M. Zamboni
  • Shaarawi, Amr
  • Recami, Erasmo
Published Article
Publication Date
Sep 23, 2003
Submission Date
Sep 23, 2003
DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.21.001564
arXiv ID: physics/0309098
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The space-time focusing of a (continuous) succession of localized X-shaped pulses is obtained by suitably integrating over their speed, i.e., over their axicon angle, thus generalizing a previous (discrete) approach. First, new Superluminal wave pulses are constructed, and then tailored in such a wave to get them temporally focused at a chosen spatial point, where the wavefield can reach for a short time very high intensities. Results of this kind may find applications in many fields, besides electromagnetism and optics, including acoustics, gravitation, and elementary particle physics. PACS nos.: 41.20.Jb; 03.50.De; 03.30.+p; 84.40.Az; 42.82.Et; 83.50.Vr; 62.30.+d; 43.60.+d; 91.30.Fn; 04.30.Nk; 42.25.Bs; 46.40.Cd; 52.35.Lv. Keywords: Localized solutions to Maxwell equations; Superluminal waves; Bessel beams; Limited-diffraction pulses; Finite-energy waves; Electromagnetic wavelets; X-shaped waves; Electromagnetism; Microwaves; Optics; Special relativity; Localized acoustic waves; Seismic waves; Mechanical waves; Elementary particle physics; Gravitational waves


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