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A focus on soft tissue in dental implantology.

Authors
  • Talwar, B S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2012
Volume
12
Issue
3
Pages
137–142
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s13191-012-0133-x
PMID: 23997462
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Most of the focus in the early dental implant literature is on the bone to titanium interface because a successful Osseo integrated implant requires direct bone contact to the implant surface. The importance of soft tissue in the ability of dental implants to restore function and esthetics has often been underestimated. This paper reviews the pertinent literature on soft tissue healing and management in partially edentulous dental implant patients. Patients seek treatment to replace missing teeth and to improve comfort, function and/or esthetics. Healing around dental implants is affected by the patient's health, soft and hard tissue contours, and the use and care of the prosthesis, surgical augmentation and placement, and the design of the definitive prosthesis. Several surgical and non-surgical procedures have been proposed to treat the soft tissue deformities in the interproximal areas. This review also discusses the interdental papilla and various approaches to preserve and restore the same. Most of the research was based on scientifically legitimate sources of information obtained from primary literature, other appropriate technical references and searching using various online resources.

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