Renal involvement in desquamative interstitial pneumonitis (DIP) manifesting as chronic renal failure has been reported only once. An uncommon disorder in children, DIP has been associated with a variety of systemic disorders and has an immune-mediated pathogenesis. A 16-year-old Black male was diagnosed to have DIP on lung biopsy at the age of 10 months. He was first noted to have proteinuria at age 5 which progressed to nephrotic syndrome by age 13 when the laboratory tests showed elevated IgG, normal serum complement, increased circulating immune complexes and absent anti-GBM antibodies. A percutaneous renal biopsy specimen performed at age 13 revealed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Despite prednisone treatment of 2 mg/kg/day for 12 weeks, renal failure progressed requiring hemodialysis. Pulmonary functions, although reduced, remained stable.