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Flexible regression model selection for survival probabilities: with application to AIDS.

Authors
  • DiRienzo, A Gregory
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biometrics
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2009
Volume
65
Issue
4
Pages
1194–1202
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1541-0420.2008.01178.x
PMID: 19173693
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Clinicians are often interested in the effect of covariates on survival probabilities at prespecified study times. Because different factors can be associated with the risk of short- and long-term failure, a flexible modeling strategy is pursued. Given a set of multiple candidate working models, an objective methodology is proposed that aims to construct consistent and asymptotically normal estimators of regression coefficients and average prediction error for each working model, that are free from the nuisance censoring variable. It requires the conditional distribution of censoring given covariates to be modeled. The model selection strategy uses stepup or stepdown multiple hypothesis testing procedures that control either the proportion of false positives or generalized familywise error rate when comparing models based on estimates of average prediction error. The context can actually be cast as a missing data problem, where augmented inverse probability weighted complete case estimators of regression coefficients and prediction error can be used (Tsiatis, 2006, Semiparametric Theory and Missing Data). A simulation study and an interesting analysis of a recent AIDS trial are provided.

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