AbstractThe structural, thermodynamic, and elastic properties of the cubic type B1 (NaCl) phase for the lead chalcogenides PbS, PbSe, and PbTe were studied using DFT calculations. The exchange-correlation functional used in this study is the generalized gradient approximation associate by Perdew–Burke–Ernzerhof (GGA-PBE). The structural properties of these compounds have been calculated and their values have been found in good agreement with the experimental results. The stability of these materials is discussed on the basis of the calculated elastic constants Cij, in which the results indicate that the studied compounds are stable and the estimated values are in excellent agreement with the experimental data. The thermodynamic properties of PbX materials have also been evaluated. The influence of temperature and pressure upon the bulk modulus (B), expansion coefficients (α), and heat capacities Cv and Cp were estimated and discussed. The heat capacity Cv reaches up to 49 J/mol K for different materials studied. The influence of temperature on the Cp was also investigated for different pressures (from 0 to 12 GPa) and the results obtained were analyzed.