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First Feed Type Is Associated With Birth/Lactating Parent's Own Milk Use During NICU Stay Among Infants Who Require Surgery.

  • Davis, Jessica A1
  • Glasser, Melissa
  • Spatz, Diane L
  • Scott, Paul
  • Demirci, Jill R
  • 1 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Ms Davis and Drs Glasser, Scott, and Demirci); and University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), Philadelphia, and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's Mothers' Milk Bank, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Spatz).
Published Article
Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2022
DOI: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000981
PMID: 35421040


Early exclusive birth/lactating parent's own milk (B/LPOM) feeds have been associated with longer duration of B/LPOM use for infant feedings in healthy term and hospitalized preterm infants. This relationship has not been explored in infants undergoing neonatal surgery (surgical infants). To evaluate the relationship between early exclusive B/LPOM feeds and cumulative B/LPOM patterns during surgical infants' neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization. A secondary cross-sectional analysis was performed using the electronic health record data of surgical infants admitted to a level IV NICU between January 2014 and March 2015. Multiple linear regression and Fisher's exact test were used to examine the associations between first NICU feed type and total percentage of diet composed of B/LPOM during NICU stay and continuation of any or exclusive B/LPOM feedings at NICU discharge, respectively. The analysis included 59 infants who required surgery for gastrointestinal, cardiac, or multisystem defects or pregnancy-related complications. Receipt of B/LPOM as the first NICU feed was associated with higher percentage of B/LPOM feeds ( P < .001) throughout NICU stay, as well as continuation of any or exclusive B/LPOM feedings at NICU discharge ( P = .03). Early exclusive B/LPOM feeds may be an important predictor for continuation of any B/LPOM use throughout the NICU stay and at NICU discharge. Continued efforts to identify and address gaps in prenatal and postpartum lactation support for parents of surgical infants are needed. Powered studies are needed to corroborate these findings and to explore the potential impact of other factors on duration and exclusivity of B/LPOM use. . Copyright © 2022 by The National Association of Neonatal Nurses.

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