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First direct dating of the Late Neanderthal remains from Subalyuk Cave in Northern Hungary.

Authors
  • Mester, Zsolt1, 2
  • Coqueugniot, Hélène3, 4
  • Tillier, Anne-Marie3
  • Rosendahl, Wilfried5
  • Friedrich, Ronny6
  • Zink, Albert7
  • Maixner, Frank7
  • Dutour, Olivier3, 4
  • Bereczki, Zsolt8
  • Gasparik, Mihály9
  • Pap, Ildikó8, 10, 11
  • Pálfi, György8
  • 1 Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 2 UMR 7194 HNHP CNRS/MNHN/UPVD, Institut de Paléontologie humaine, Paris, France. , (France)
  • 3 UMR 5199 PACEA CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, Pessac, France. , (France)
  • 4 Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes - PSL University, Paris, France. , (France)
  • 5 Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, Museum Weltkulturen Mannheim, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 6 Curt-Engelhorn Center Archaeometry gGmbH, Mannheim, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 7 Institute for Mummy Studies, Eurac Research, Bolzano, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 8 Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 9 Department of Palaeontology and Geology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 10 Department of Anthropology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 11 Department of Biological Anthropology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary. , (Hungary)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht uber die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Publication Date
Mar 21, 2024
Volume
81
Issue
2
Pages
169–181
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2023/1716
PMID: 37675658
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The Subalyuk hominin remains were uncovered in 1932 in a cave of the same name in the Bükk Mountains, near the village of Cserépfalu in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Northern Hungary. The remains represent two individuals, an adult and a young child who have been described in a few publications since their discovery, providing substantial anthropological data and general assessments of their Neanderthal affiliation. They were associated with Late Mousterian industry. Thus, the Bükk Mountains gain importance in the discussion concerning the contribution of East Central European sites to the debate on the peopling history of Europe during the Late Middle to Early Upper Palaeolithic transition. In this paper, we summarize the archaeological and chronological context of the two individuals, and publish the first direct dating results that place them among the Last Neanderthals of Central Europe.

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