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The first comprehensive molecular detection of six honey bee viruses in Iran in 2015-2016

Authors
  • Ghorani, Mohammadreza1
  • Madadgar, Omid1
  • Langeroudi, Arash Ghalyanchi1
  • Rezapanah, Mohammadreza2
  • Nabian, Sedigheh3
  • Akbarein, Hesameddin4
  • Farahani, Reza Kh5
  • Maghsoudloo, Hossein5
  • Abdollahi, Hamed5
  • Forsi, Mohammad5
  • 1 University of Tehran, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 2 Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Center of Excellence for Organic Agriculture and Department of Biological Control, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 3 University of Tehran, Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 4 University of Tehran, Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
  • 5 Iranian Veterinary Organization, Tehran, Iran , Tehran (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Virology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 20, 2017
Volume
162
Issue
8
Pages
2287–2291
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3370-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

At least 18 viruses have been reported in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). However, severe diseases in honey bees are mainly caused by six viruses, and these are the most important in beekeeping. These viruses include: deformed wing virus (DWV), acute bee paralysis virus (ABPV), chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV), sacbrood virus (SBV), kashmir bee virus (KBV), and black queen cell virus (BQCV). In this study, we evaluated 89 Iranian honey bee apiaries (during the period 2015-2016) suffering from symptoms of depopulation, sudden collapse, paralysis, or dark coloring, by employing reverse transcription-PCR. Samples were collected from four regions (Mazandaran, Hormozgan, Kurdistan, and Khorasan Razavi) of Iran. Of the 89 apiaries examined, 16 (17.97%), three (3.37%), and three (3.37%) were infected by DWV, ABPV, and CBPV, respectively. The study results for the other viruses (SBV, KBV, and BQCV) were negative. The present study evaluated the presence of the six most important honey bee viruses in bee colonies with suspected infections, and identified remarkable differences in the distribution patterns of the viruses in different geographic regions of Iran.

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