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Filipino version of the M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory: validation and multisymptom measurement in cancer patients.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
0885-3924
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
6
Pages
542–552
Identifiers
PMID: 16793494
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Assessing cancer-related symptoms requires a brief, reliable, valid, and culturally adapted symptom screening tool. In the Philippines, cancer patients (n=206) and community-dwelling adults (n=170) participated in a cross-sectional validation study of the Filipino version of the M. D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI-F). Both exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis revealed two underlying symptom severity constructs--general and gastrointestinal symptoms--consistent with the English, Japanese, and Chinese versions of the MDASI. Cronbach alpha coefficients of 0.79 and 0.77, respectively, demonstrated acceptable internal consistency for the two factors. Known-group validity was confirmed by significant differences on MDASI-F items by performance status (P<0.01 or P<0.001). Fatigue, sadness, distress, and pain were significant predictors of symptom interference. Cancer patients reported significantly greater symptom severity on multiple items than did the community sample. The MDASI-F is reliable and valid for evaluating cancer-related symptoms and their impact on Filipino cancer patients.

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