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FIGURES OF MERIT EVALUATION OF GC/MS METHOD FOR QUANTIFICATION OF 2-PHENOXYETHANOL FROM BALLPOINT PEN INK LINES AND DETERMINATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF SUPPORT PAPER ON SOLVENT EXTRACTION

Authors
  • Carvalho, Carina Maria Bello de
  • Ortiz, Rafael Scorsatto
  • Limberger, Renata Pereira
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Source
Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Brazilian Forensic Scientists are frequently asked about ballpoint pen manuscripts chronology in documents suspected to be forged. In the recent years, many methods like quantification of 2-PE (2-phenoxyethanol) have been developed on this subject. The validation of these methods only recently has been a concern between scientific forensic community. Researchers studied the behavior of ink on ageing, but few of them concerned about the influence of the paper on the extraction of 2-PE. This study performed the figures of merit evaluation of the quantification of 2-PE using GC/MS, testing the main parameters involved in the reliability of the method (linearity, repeatability, limits of detection and quantification, accuracy and robustness). After, based on a full factorial design with four factors and two repetitions, the authors tested kind of paper, grammage of paper, ink color and three ink ages, to verify the paper influence on the quantity of 2-PE from ink, trough GC/MS analysis. The merit parameters evaluation showed that the method is linear, precise, accurate and robust. The results for the effect of paper showed main effects of the factors and the existence of interactions effects between the kind of paper and paper grammage, and between the kind of paper and other factors.

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