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Field experiment on the dynamics of fine sediments over a gravel bar in an alpine gravel-bed river

  • Camenen, B.
  • Herrero, A.
  • Dramais, G.
  • Thollet, F.
  • Le Bescond, C.
  • Perret, E.
  • Berni, C.
Publication Date
Aug 30, 2015
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Alpine gravel-bed rivers are characterized by very poorly sorted sediments and significant grain sorting is generally observed on gravel bars. The purpose of this paper is to present some field measurements achieved on the Arc en Maurienne River, France. The main objective is to characterize the dynamics of fine sediments, mainly infiltration, for conditions close to the incipient motion of gravels. The field campaign was carried out on a gravel bar located 10 km downstream of St Jean de Maurienne during the dam flushing event on June 17th, 2014. Patches made of gravels and pebbles were settled on the gravel and infiltration of fine sediment was measured after the event. During the flushing event, surface velocities over the gravel bar were measured thanks to video analysis (LSPIV). Water levels and mean slope in the secondary channel were measured thanks to pressure gauges positioned on the side of the secondary channel. An estimation of the bed shear stresses over the patches was thus possible all along the event. Intense water sampling was also carried out both upstream and downstream the secondary channel. Grain size analysis showed that deposited sediments were much coarser than sediments in suspension. An estimation of the fine sediment deposition rate and a discussion on the sediment dynamics is proposed from these measurements.

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