BACKGROUND In France, viticulture accounts for 20% of the phytochemicals sprayed in agriculture, and 80% of grapevine pesticides target powdery and downy mildews. European policies promote pesticide use reduction, and new methods for low-input disease management are needed for viticulture. Here, we present the assessment, in France, of Mildium®, a new decision support system for the management of grapevine mildews. RESULTS A 4 year assessment trial of Mildium has been conducted in a network of 83 plots distributed across the French vineyards. In most vineyards, Mildium has proved to be successful at protecting the crop while reducing by 30–50% the number of treatments required when compared with grower practices. CONCLUSION The design of Mildium results from the formalisation of a common management of both powdery and downy mildews and eventually leads to a significant fungicide reduction at the plot scale. It could encourage stakeholders to design customised farm-scale and low-chemical-input decision support methods.