Fibular head transposition (FHT) was introduced as a surgical technique to reconstruct the cruciate-deficient stifle in the dog. Surgically moving the fibular head into a cranial position alters the orientation of the lateral collateral ligament, thereby preventing cranial drawer motion and minimizing internal rotation of the tibia. The technique was found to be safe, mechanically sound, and clinically effective. Comparison of clinical results for this technique with those for the fascial strip technique (using a uniform grading system) demonstrated an overall superior performance of FHT. Factors found to adversely influence clinical results were heavy body weight and meniscal damage. The interval between stifle injury and reconstructive surgery or the presence of associated osteoarthritic disease bore no relationship to clinical outcome. It was concluded that the clinical performance after FHT was equal or superior to other surgical methods for reconstructing the cruciate-deficient stifle in the dog.