The concentrations of fibrinogen (Fb) and the activities of factor VII (F VIIC) and antithrombin III (AT III) both in men less than 55 years old with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) and with normolipemia (MI-NLP) or hyperlipoproteinemia (MI-HLP) and in their sons have been measured. A significantly higher levels of Fb were found in both MI groups. Significantly higher levels of F VIIC and AT III were found only in the MI-NLP group. No lipid or haemostatic disorders were noted in sons. Furthermore, a positive correlation between the level of F VIIC and triglycerides (TG) or total cholesterol (TCh) in the patients and sons was revealed. A positive correlation was found between: (a) Fb levels in MI-HLP patients and in their sons; (b) TG levels in MI-HLP patients and in their sons; and (c) AT III activity in MI patients and in their sons. Fibrinogen appears to be associated with ischemic heart disease more closely than factor VII, the latter being strongly linked with hypertriglyceridemia. Elevated activities of AT III may reflect the haemostatic response to the prothrombotic state in IHD on the one hand whereas they may contribute to the development of IHD on the other.