THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY AND RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

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THE ANDEAN COMMUNITY AND RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Authors
Publisher
Faculty of Political Science
Keywords
  • Human Rights
  • Latin America
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Ljudska Prava
  • Andska Zajednica
  • Autohtoni Narodi
  • Latinska Amerika
  • Machu Picchu Deklaracija
  • Andean Community
  • Declaration Of Machu Picchu

Abstract

The inauguration of a half-Indian, Alejandro Toledo, as the Peruvian president attracted international attention and renewed interest in the indigenous peoples in Latin America. That day (29 July 2001), presidents of the member-countries of the Andes community adopted the Machu Picchu Declaration on democracy, the rights of indigenous peoples and the war on poverty. Regarding the rights of indigenous peoples, the member-countries of the Andes community plan to incorporate native Indians into their countries of residence, but at the same time preserve their identity. Within the AC there are three groups of countries, depending on the size of their Indian population, and consequently the size of the territories on which the native Indian culture has a big chance of survival: Peru and Bolivia in which indigenous Indians make up 45%-55% of the total population; Ecuador with 25%; and Venezuela and Columbia with 1-2%.

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