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Increased expression of the transcription factor E2F1 during dopamine-evoked, caspase-3-mediated apoptosis in rat cortical neurons

Authors
Journal
Neuroscience Letters
0304-3940
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
306
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0304-3940(01)01909-7
Keywords
  • Cortical Neurons
  • E2F1
  • Transcription Factor
  • Caspase-3
  • Apoptosis
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract The transcription factor E2F1 mRNA and protein levels increased in rat cortical neurons in response to dopamine (DA)- or 6-hydroxydopamine (OHDA)-evoked apoptosis. Increased E2F1 protein was detected in the nucleus of neurons by double fluorescent immunocytochemistry using antibodies to E2F1 and NeuN. DA and 6-OHDA induced caspase-3-mediated apoptosis of cortical neurons which was attenuated by the addition of antioxidants or caspase-3 inhibitors to the cultures. Antioxidants prevented DA-evoked neuronal apoptosis, and also attenuated the increase in E2F1 expression. These findings suggest that increased expression of the transcription factor E2F1 may serve as a death signal during DA-evoked neuronal apoptosis.

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