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Neutrophil-Delivered Myeloperoxidase Dampens the Hydrogen Peroxide Burst after Tissue Wounding in Zebrafish

Authors
Journal
Current Biology
0960-9822
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
22
Issue
19
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.07.060
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Summary Prompt neutrophil arrival is critical for host defense immediately after injury [1–3]. Following wounding, a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) burst generated in injured tissues is the earliest known leukocyte chemoattractant [4]. Generating this tissue-scale H2O2 gradient uses dual oxidase [4] and neutrophils sense H2O2 by a mechanism involving the LYN Src-family kinase [5], but the molecular mechanisms responsible for H2O2 clearance are unknown [6]. Neutrophils carry abundant amounts of myeloperoxidase, an enzyme catalyzing an H2O2-consuming reaction [7, 8]. We hypothesized that this neutrophil-delivered myeloperoxidase downregulates the high tissue H2O2 concentrations that follow wounding. This was tested in zebrafish using simultaneous fluorophore-based imaging of H2O2 concentrations and leukocytes [4, 9–11] and a new neutrophil-replete but myeloperoxidase-deficient mutant (durif). Leukocyte-depleted zebrafish had an abnormally sustained wound H2O2 burst, indicating that leukocytes themselves were required for H2O2 downregulation. Myeloperoxidase-deficient zebrafish also had abnormally sustained high wound H2O2 concentrations despite similar numbers of arriving neutrophils. A local H2O2/myeloperoxidase interaction within wound-recruited neutrophils was demonstrated. These data demonstrate that leukocyte-delivered myeloperoxidase cell-autonomously downregulates tissue-generated wound H2O2 gradients in vivo, defining a new requirement for myeloperoxidase during inflammation. Durif provides a new animal model of myeloperoxidase deficiency closely phenocopying the prevalent human disorder [7, 12, 13], offering unique possibilities for investigating its clinical consequences.

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