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Analytical model of longitudinal tire traction in snow

Authors
Journal
Journal of Terramechanics
0022-4898
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jterra.2003.09.003
Keywords
  • Tire
  • Snow Traction

Abstract

Abstract An analytical model to estimate longitudinal traction of a tire in snow was developed and verified to have good predictability in comparison with measurements. Snow traction of a tire is composed of four kinds of forces in this model: braking force attributable to snow compression, shear force of snow in void (space between tread blocks), frictional force, and digging force (edge effect generated by sipes and blocks). The mechanical characteristics of snow were considered in the prediction of braking force and shear force, but were not considered in the prediction of other forces. The contribution of shear force of snow in void and the frictional force was large in static traction (traction just before a tire slips). On the other hand, the contributions of digging force and frictional force were large in situations involving high slip ratios.

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