Abstract In recent years, researches on rural human capital are of great concern, but for how to effectively use the rural human capital is scanty, and thus, the transfer of rural human capital becomes a kind of way to solve rural human capital utilization. A portion of China rural human capital has been successful transferred, however, because of the restrain of their conditions, they can only be engaged in some low level work. In China rural areas, there are a lot of rural human capitals who are not successful transferred. How to successfully transfer the rest of this part rural human capital and how to make them play roles will be an important task. In this paper, according to the practical situations, we first defined the rural human capital, and then briefly summarized the importance of human capital transfer. At last, we found out the restriction factors of rural human capital transfer in China, and put forward some suggestions and measures to solve the problems.