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Fetal Toxicity of Immunosuppressive Drugs in Pregnancy

Authors
  • Ponticelli, Claudio
  • Moroni, Gabriella
Publication Date
Dec 15, 2018
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Women affected by autoimmune diseases, organ transplantation, or neoplasia need to continue immunosuppressive treatment during pregnancy. In this setting, not only a careful planning of pregnancy, but also the choice of drugs is critical to preventing maternal complications and minimizing the fetal risks. Some immunosuppressive drugs are teratogenic and should be replaced even before the pregnancy, while other drugs need to be managed with caution to prevent fetal risks, including miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity, and low birth weight. In particular, the increasing use of biologic agents raises the question of their compatibility with reproduction. In this review we present data on the indication and safety in pregnancy of the most frequently used immunosuppressive drugs.

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