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Fetal hematopoietic stem cell homing is controlled by VEGF regulating the integrity and oxidative status of the stromal-vascular bone marrow niches

  • Mesnieres, Marion;
  • Bohm, Anna-Marei;
  • Peredo, Nicolas; 119446;
  • Trompet, Dana; 104482;
  • Valle-Tenney, Roger;
  • Bajaj, Manmohan;
  • Corthout, Nikky;
  • Nefyodova, Elena;
  • Cardoen, Ruben;
  • Baatsen, Pieter;
  • Munck, Sebastian; 54406;
  • Nagy, Andras;
  • Haigh, Jody J;
  • Khurana, Satish;
  • Verfaillie, Catherine M;
  • Maes, Christa; 19145;
Publication Date
Aug 24, 2021
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Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) engraftment after transplantation during anticancer treatment depends on support from the recipient bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Here, by studying physiological homing of fetal HSPCs, we show the critical requirement of balanced local crosstalk within the skeletal niche for successful HSPC settlement in BM. Transgene-induced overproduction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by osteoprogenitor cells elicits stromal and endothelial hyperactivation, profoundly impacting the stromal-vessel interface and vascular architecture. Concomitantly, HSPC homing and survival are drastically impaired. Transcriptome profiling, flow cytometry, and high-resolution imaging indicate alterations in perivascular and endothelial cell characteristics, vascular function and cellular metabolism, associated with increased oxidative stress within the VEGF-enriched BM environment. Thus, developmental HSPC homing to bone is controlled by local stromal-vascular integrity and the oxidative-metabolic status of the recipient milieu. Interestingly, irradiation of adult mice also induces stromal VEGF expression and similar osteo-angiogenic niche changes, underscoring that our findings may contribute targets for improving stem cell therapies. / status: published

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