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Fertility of somatic hybrids from protoplast fusions of Solanum brevidens and S. tuberosum.

Authors
  • Ehlenfeldt, M K
  • Helgeson, J P
Type
Published Article
Journal
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1987
Volume
73
Issue
3
Pages
395–402
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/BF00262507
PMID: 24241001
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Two sets of somatic hybrids between Solanum brevidens (2x) and S. tuberosum (2x and 4x) were evaluated for male fertility, meiotic regularity and female fertility. The somatic hybrids were tetraploids from 2x + 2x fusions and hexaploids from 2x + 4x fusions. Pollen stainability ranged from 0 to 83% in tetraploids and from 0 to 23% in hexaploids. The tetraploids had more regular meiosis, lower levels of micropollen and fewer unassociated chromosomes than hexaploids. However, except for a low level of selfing, the pollen of both sets of hybrids was ineffective in pollinations. The tetraploids, as females, crossed poorly with 2x and 4x tester species and selfed only at low levels. The hexaploid fusion hybrids also crossed poorly with the 2x tester species and selfed only to a limited degree; however, they crossed well with 4x testers. Seed set in crosses with S. tuberosum Group Andigena, and S. tuberosum Group Tuberosum cultivars 'Kathadin' and 'Norland' averaged 16.7, 15.6 and 28.6 seeds per fruit, respectively. Progeny from these crosses had 5x or nearly 5x ploidy levels. The results indicate that reasonable levels of female fertility can be obtained in somatic fusion hybrids of S. brevidens and S. tuberosum.

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