Two hundred and sixty seven cases of female laryngeal carcinoma, treated in our hospital in the past 33 years, were analysed. The number of patients developed laryngeal cancer after menopause was 10 times as high as that developed before menopause. This suggests that a relating preponderance of male sex hormonal influence after menopause might be a contributing factor responsible for the high prevalence of laryngeal cancer in women. Another etiological factor was cigarette smoking. The pathological types and pattern of metastasis to cervical lymph nodes in the female laryngeal carcinoma were similar to those observed in male patients but superglottic cancer was more common than the glottic type. However, no significant difference in prognosis was observed between superglottic and glottic cancers. Provided indications are strictly adhered to, partial laryngectomy can give therapeutic results similar or even superior to total laryngectomy.