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Female genital cutting practices in Burkina Faso and Mali and their negative health outcomes.

Authors
  • Jones, H1
  • Diop, N
  • Askew, I
  • Kaboré, I
  • 1 Impact Studies Program, Africa, Frontiers in Reproductive Health Project, Population Council.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Studies in family planning
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1999
Volume
30
Issue
3
Pages
219–230
Identifiers
PMID: 10546313
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study examines the type of female genital cutting and its possible associated gynecological and delivery complications among females in Burkina Faso and Mali, Africa. Included in the study were women who came to 21 clinics in rural Burkina Faso and in four rural and four urban clinics in Mali seeking medical services that include a pelvic exam. Trained clinical staff observed the presence and type of cut and any associated complications. It was observed that 93% of the women in Burkina Faso and 94% in Mali had undergone genital cutting. The most prevalent type of female genital cutting in Burkina Faso is clitoridectomy, which is 56% among women observed. In Mali, excision was the most prevalent (74%). About 5% of both samples had undergone type 3 cutting, which is the infibulation. Furthermore, there exist a significant relationship between the severity of genital cutting and the possibility of gynecological and obstetric complications.

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