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A feline orthologue of the human MYH7 c.5647G>A (p.(Glu1883Lys)) variant causes hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a Domestic Shorthair cat

Authors
  • Schipper, Tom1
  • Van Poucke, Mario1
  • Sonck, Laurien2
  • Smets, Pascale3
  • Ducatelle, Richard2
  • Broeckx, Bart J. G.1
  • Peelman, Luc J.1
  • 1 Ghent University, Department of Nutrition, Genetics and Ethology, Merelbeke, B-9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
  • 2 Ghent University, Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Poultry Diseases, Merelbeke, B-9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
  • 3 Ghent University, Small Animal Department, Merelbeke, B-9820, Belgium , Merelbeke (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Human Genetics
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Jun 04, 2019
Volume
27
Issue
11
Pages
1724–1730
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/s41431-019-0431-4
Source
Springer Nature
License
Yellow

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited human heart disease. The same disease has a high prevalence in cats, where it is also suspected to be inherited. More than 1500 variants in MYBPC3, MYH7 and other sarcomeric genes are associated with human HCM, while in cats, only two causative variants in MYBPC3 are currently known. Here, we describe an adult Domestic Shorthair cat with arterial thromboembolism and heart failure that was diagnosed with HCM on necropsy. Sequencing of the coding regions of MYBPC3 and MYH7 revealed 21 variants, of which the MYH7 c.5647G>A (p.(Glu1883Lys)) variant was further analysed, because its orthologous variant had already been reported in a human patient with HCM, but with limited causal evidence. This variant affects the highly conserved assembly competence domain, is predicted in silico to be damaging and was found only once in population databases. Recently, functional studies have confirmed its predicted damaging effect and a paralogous variant in MYH6 has been associated with cardiac disease in humans as well. This report of an orthologous variant in a cat with HCM and its absence in 200 additional cats provides further evidence for its disease-causing nature. As the first report of feline HCM caused by a variant in MYH7, this study also emphasises this gene as a candidate gene for future studies in cats and highlights the similarity between human and feline HCM.

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