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Feasibility of outpatient consolidation chemotherapy in older versus younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Authors
  • Saini, Lalit
  • Minden, Mark D
  • Schuh, Andre C
  • Yee, Karen W L
  • Schimmer, Aaron D
  • Gupta, Vikas
  • Atenafu, Eshetu G
  • Murray, Cindy
  • Nixon, Shannon
  • Brandwein, Joseph M
Type
Published Article
Journal
American Journal of Hematology
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2012
Volume
87
Issue
3
Pages
323–326
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/ajh.22268
PMID: 22213349
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Intensive consolidation chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients in complete remission is being increasingly administered on an outpatient basis. Although this approach has been found to be safe and feasible in younger patients, its safety in older patients remains unknown. We therefore undertook an evaluation of outpatient-based consolidation chemotherapy in older AML patients, and compared results to younger patients treated at the same institution over the same time period. The overall rate of readmission was ~50%, mostly for infections, with mean admission duration of 2 weeks. The overall mortality rate was 2.2%. Readmission rates and duration of readmission were somewhat higher in older patients, but infection rate, intensive care (ICU) admissions, and mortality rates were comparable to those in the younger patient cohort. However, we also observed that rates of febrile neutropenia, bacteremia, ICU admission, and death were significantly higher during the second consolidation, as compared with the first, in both younger and older patients. We conclude that outpatient-based consolidation therapy can be safely undertaken in a substantial proportion of fit older patients with AML.

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