Extradition is intended to bring an end of the era when criminals would have a sunny haven anywhere in the world. This paper examined its rationale, nature, principles and practices and conceptual framework. This paper also examined selected statistics, dynamics and politics of extradition and ends with concluding remarks.The aim of this paper is to emphasis on the importance of extradition as a potent weapon to reduced impunity by ensuring that there is no save haven for dictators, tyrants, cruel rulers and common criminals.This paper is a desk-based research which relies on both primary and secondary sources of data which were subjected to contentual and contextual analysis.It is the finding of the author herein that extradition can only be effective of states demonstrate genuine will-power and down-play politics in extradition matters. Crime will be reduced if criminals know that they will be fished out. Keywords:Extradition, fugitive, double criminality, specialty, federation, conceptual framework, repatriation, statistics.