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Expression of a cDNA from apple encoding a homologue of DAD1, an inhibitor of programmed cell death

Authors
Journal
Plant Science
0168-9452
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
139
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0168-9452(98)00182-4
Keywords
  • Differential Screening
  • Malus Domestica
  • Pcd
  • Pollination
  • Fruit Ripening
  • Senescence

Abstract

Abstract A cDNA library was constructed from developing fruit of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) fruit at two days after pollination. Differential screening for pollination-induced genes resulted in the isolation of MdDAD1, an apple homologue of genes for DAD1 (defender against cell death 1). Southern hybridisation suggests that apple contains at least two DAD1 homologues. In mammals and Caenorhabditiselegans, DAD1 functions to protect cells against programmed cell death (PCD) (apoptosis). In apple we show that MdDAD1 transcript levels vary between tissues, and are induced during senescence of leaves, petals, and fruit, and also by flower pollination. In situ hybridisation showed that MdDAD1 mRNA was distributed primarily in the cells of vascular bundles. These results contrast with a constitutive pattern of expression reported for DAD1 in mammalian cells.

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