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The Bulgarian anatomical terminology of today

Department of Social Sciences and Medical Humanities, University of Rijeka, School of Medicine; [email protected]
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  • Anatomical Terminology
  • Bulgarian Anatomical Terminology
  • Latin Anatomical Nomenclature
  • Law
  • Linguistics
  • Literature


By Bulgarian anatomical terms we mean the names established by scientific tradition, duplicating the Latin anatomical terms and coined with the means of the Bulgarian language or loan-words which are grammatically integrated (assimilated) into the Bulgarian anatomical text and are written in the Cyrillic alphabet. In their integrity and systemic relationships, the Bulgarian anatomical terms make up the Bulgarian anatomical terminology. The modern Bulgarian anatomical terms are formed in conformity with the basic term formation methods in Bulgarian literary language: lexico-morphological, lexico-syntactical and lexico-semantic. Besides them, word-borrowing in its two varieties – borrowing through translation (literal and free) and borrowing existing foreign terminological items – has had an impact on the terminological norm and is currently an active modern process lending itself to control. Main points in the research: Terms, terminolgy and nomenclature; Definitions in the anatomical scientific literature; Term formation; Links and interrelationships; General linguistic characteristics of the anatomical terms; Norm, codification and standardization in anatomical terminology.

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