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ARIES-AT safety design and analysis

Authors
Journal
Fusion Engineering and Design
0920-3796
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
80
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2005.06.351
Keywords
  • Aries-At
  • Loss Of Coolant Accident (Loca) And Loss Of Flow Accident (Lofa)
  • Inventories
  • Safety
  • Environment Studies
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Design
  • Ecology
  • Engineering
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract ARIES-AT is a 1000 MWe conceptual fusion power plant design with a very low projected cost of electricity. The design contains many innovative features to improve both the physics and engineering performance of the system. From the safety and environmental perspective, there is greater depth to the overall analysis than in past ARIES studies. For ARIES-AT, the overall spectrum of off-normal events to be examined has been broadened. They include conventional loss of coolant and loss of flow events, an ex-vessel loss of coolant, and in-vessel off-normal events that mobilize in-vessel inventories (e.g., tritium and tokamak dust) and bypass primary confinement such as a loss of vacuum and an in-vessel loss of coolant with bypass. This broader examination of accidents improves the robustness of the design from the safety perspective and gives additional confidence that the facility can meet the no-evacuation requirement under average weather conditions. We also provide a systematic assessment of the design to address key safety functions such as confinement, decay heat removal, and chemical energy control. In the area of waste management, both the volume of the component and its hazard are used to classify the waste. In comparison to previous ARIES designs, the overall waste volume is less because of the compact design.

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