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Synergy of aminoglycoside antibiotics by 3-Benzylchroman derivatives from the Chinese drugCaesalpinia sappanagainst clinical methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA)

Authors
Journal
Phytomedicine
0944-7113
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
21
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.phymed.2014.03.004
Keywords
  • Anti-Mrsa Activity
  • Synergy
  • Brazilin
  • Aminoglycoside
  • Bactericidal
Disciplines
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Philosophy

Abstract

Abstract The in vitro antimicrobial activities of three 3-Benzylchroman derivatives, i.e. Brazilin (1), Brazilein (2) and Sappanone B (3) from Caesalpinia sappan L. (Leguminosae) were assayed, which mainly dealt with synergistic evaluation of aminoglycoside and other type of antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by the three compounds through the Chequerboard and Time-kill curve methods. The results showed that Compounds 1–3 alone exhibited moderate to weak activity against methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and other standard strains by MICs/MBCs ranged from 32/64 to >1024/>1024μg/ml, with the order of activity as 1>2>3. Chequerboard method showed significant anti-MRSA synergy of 1/Aminoglycosides (Gentamicin, Amikacin, Etimicin and Streptomycin) combinations with (FICIs)50 at 0.375–0.5. The combined (MICs)50 values (μg/ml) reduced from 32–128/16–64 to 4–8/4–16, respectively. The percent of reduction by MICs ranged from 50% to 87.5%, with a maximum of 93.8% (1/16 of the alone MIC). Combinations of 2 and 3 with Aminoglycosides and the other antibiotics showed less potency of synergy. The dynamic Time-killing experiment further demonstrated that the combinations of 1/aminoglycoside were synergistically bactericidal against MRSA. The anti-MRSA synergy results of the bacteriostatic (Chequerboard method) and bactericidal (time-kill method) efficiencies of 1/Aminoglycoside combinations was in good consistency, which made the resistance reversed by CLSI guidelines. We concluded that the 3-Benzylchroman derivative Brazilin (1) showed in vitro synergy of bactericidal activities against MRSA when combined with Aminoglycosides, which might be beneficial for combinatory therapy of MRSA infection.

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