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Bioinformatic design of A-kinase anchoring protein-in silico: A potent and selective peptide antagonist of type II protein kinase A anchoring

Authors
Publisher
The National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Source
PMC
Keywords
  • Biological Sciences
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Computer Science

Abstract

Compartmentalization of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is coordinated through association with A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs). A defining characteristic of most AKAPs is a 14- to 18-aa sequence that binds to the regulatory subunits (RI or RII) of the kinase. Cellular delivery of peptides to these regions disrupts PKA anchoring and has been used to delineate a physiological role for AKAPs in the facilitation of certain cAMP-responsive events. Here, we describe a bioinformatic approach that yields an RII-selective peptide, called AKAP-in silico (AKAP-IS), that binds RII with a Kd of 0.4 nM and binds RI with a Kd of 277 nM. AKAP-IS associates with the type II PKA holoenzyme inside cells and displaces the kinase from natural anchoring sites. Electrophysiological recordings indicate that perfusion of AKAP-IS evokes a more rapid and complete attenuation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor currents than previously described anchoring inhibitor peptides. Thus, computer-based and peptide array screening approaches have generated a reagent that binds PKA with higher affinity than previously described AKAPs.

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