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Fcgamma receptor-mediated inhibition of human B cell activation: the role of SHP-2 phosphatase.

Authors
  • Koncz, G
  • Pecht, I
  • Gergely, J
  • Sármay, G
Type
Published Article
Journal
European journal of immunology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1999
Volume
29
Issue
6
Pages
1980–1989
Identifiers
PMID: 10382761
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Co-clustering of the type II receptors binding the Fc part of IgG (FcgammaRIIb) and B cell receptors results in the translocation of cytosolic, negative regulatory molecules to the phosphorylated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (P-ITIM) of the FcgammaRIIb. SH2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatases (SHP-1 and SHP-2), and the polyphosphoinositol 5'-phosphatase (SHIP) have been reported earlier to bind to murine FcgammaRIIb P-ITIM. However, neither the functional substrates of these enzymes, nor the mechanism of the inhibition are fully resolved. We show here that the human FcgammaRIIb binds SHP-2 when co-clustered with the B cell receptors, whereas its synthetic P-ITIM peptide bindes SHP-2 and SHIP in lysates of the Burkitt's lymphoma cell line BL41. The P-ITIM peptide binding enhances SHP-2 activity, resulting in dephosphorylation and release of P-ITIM-bound SHIP and Shc. Moreover, P-ITIM-bound SHP-2 dephosphorylates synthetic peptides corresponding to the sites of tyrosine phosphorylation on SHIP and Shc, indicating that these proteins are its potential substrates. Thus SHP-2-induced dephosphorylation may modulate the intracellular localization and/or activity of SHIP and Shc, thereby inhibiting further activation pathways which they mediate.

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