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Feasibility study of an external manifold for planar intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells stack

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
0360-3199
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
38
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.06.020
Keywords
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
  • External Manifold
  • Stack
  • Degradation
  • Computer Simulation
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract A 3-cell stack of anode supported planar solid oxide fuel cell was built to evaluate the application of an external-manifold design in this research. This short stack was operated with hydrogen as fuel and air as oxidant at 750 °C. The stack had an OCV of 3.36 V, produced about 100 W in total power with a power density of 0.56 W/cm2. The stack also underwent 51 h degradation test at the current density of 0.55 A/cm2. The test results have demonstrated that this external-manifold stack had an excellent and steady performance during the test. Computer simulation was employed to help optimizing the parameters of the design and explaining the different performances between the cells. The simulation results suggested that the external-manifold design could generate a uniform gas distribution for a short stack, and the different performances of the individual cells were mainly caused by the uneven temperatures distribution between the cells.

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