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Mergers and Trade Policy under Oligopoly

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Abstract

For an oligopolistic industry, the effects of mergers on the domestic country"s optimal trade policy are analyzed. If the domestic country pursues an optimal trade policy then it will always lose as a result of a foreign merger. The optimal domestic response to a foreign merger is to decrease (increase) the tariff if demand is concave (convex) and to increase the production subsidy. The foreign merger reduces foreign welfare when the domestic country pursues its optimal trade policy. The optimal domestic response to a domestic merger is to leave the tariff unchanged and to increase the production subsidy. Copyright Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2003

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