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The Production of Nominal Compounds in Aphasia

Authors
Journal
Brain and Language
0093-934X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
74
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/brln.2000.2338
Disciplines
  • Linguistics

Abstract

Abstract This study reports the difficulties of aphasic patients in producing nominal compounds in German. In a picture naming task with semantically relatively transparent targets it was found that the word frequency of the components determined the accuracy of the patients' performance. A second picture naming task using relatively opaque targets, and a further naming task in which patients were confronted with aurally presented object paraphrases using very opaque targets, are reported. The error patterns of all three tasks give evidence for morpheme-based mis-productions (e.g., componential substitutions), however, in declining proportions with decreasing semantic transparency. Access to final (or basic) components was clearly superior to initial (or determinative) components suggesting position-specific access routines.

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