Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Fatty Acid Composition of Baobab Seed and Its Relationship with the Genus Adansonia Taxonomy.

Authors
  • Razafimamonjison, Gaylor1, 2
  • Leong Pock Tsy, Jean Michel2
  • Randriamiarinarivo, Manitriniaina1, 2
  • Ramanoelina, Panja1
  • Rasoarahona, Jean1
  • Fawbush, Fanjaniaina1
  • Danthu, Pascal2, 3
  • 1 School of Agricultural Sciences, University of Antananarivo, P.O. Box 175, Antananarivo, Madagascar. , (Madagascar)
  • 2 DP Forests and Biodiversity, BP 853, Antananarivo, Madagascar. , (Madagascar)
  • 3 CIRAD HortSys Unity TA B-103/C Campus international de Baillarguet, 34392, Montpellier Cedex 5, France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemistry & Biodiversity
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2017
Volume
14
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.201600441
PMID: 28212461
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Baobab seed oil contains specific fatty acids. Most of the studies on baobab fatty acids have been carried out singly and in isolation from each other, making it difficult to compare results through different species. The objective of the present study is to establish the seed fatty acid composition of each Adansonia species in order to evaluate and understand the relationships between the oil chemical compositions, the baobabs' taxonomy and, the ecological and geographical origin of each seed lot. The seed oils have been analysed using gas chromatography (GC). The oils of all baobab species contain three major fatty acids: palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids. They also contain specific fatty acids such as cyclopropenic and cyclopropanic acids, which are characteristic of the Malvaceae family seed oils. It was possible to distinguish three sections through principal components analysis using the eleven fatty acids identified by GC. The Adansonia section contains high rates of oleic acid (± 35%), the Brevitubae section is rich in palmitic acid (± 42%) and the Longitubae section contains high levels of dihydrosterulic acid (± 5%). The oil fatty acid composition, however, does not enable a definitive characterization of profiles according to species. The fatty acid composition is not significantly influenced by the geographical, soil and climate conditions of the collection sites. © 2017 Wiley-VHCA AG, Zurich, Switzerland.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times