Sixteen members of three families, eight of which had vesicoureteral reflux, are studied. Authors report a high incidence in females (7 cases) and atrophic chronic pyelonephritis (75% of the serie). Only one girl presented disminution of renal function. The types of inheritance was dominant autosomal in the A family and autosomal recessive in the B and C families. Finally the norms of investigation of the familial vesicoureteral reflux are appointed.