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Facultative bacterial symbionts in aphids confer resistance to parasitic wasps.

Authors
  • Oliver, Kerry M1
  • Russell, Jacob A
  • Moran, Nancy A
  • Hunter, Martha S
  • 1 Department of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publication Date
Feb 18, 2003
Volume
100
Issue
4
Pages
1803–1807
Identifiers
PMID: 12563031
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Symbiotic relationships between animals and microorganisms are common in nature, yet the factors controlling the abundance and distributions of symbionts are mostly unknown. Aphids have an obligate association with the bacterium Buchnera aphidicola (the primary symbiont) that has been shown to contribute directly to aphid fitness. In addition, aphids sometimes harbor other vertically transmitted bacteria (secondary symbionts), for which few benefits of infection have been previously documented. We carried out experiments to determine the consequences of these facultative symbioses in Acyrthosiphon pisum (the pea aphid) for vulnerability of the aphid host to a hymenopteran parasitoid, Aphidius ervi, a major natural enemy in field populations. Our results show that, in a controlled genetic background, infection confers resistance to parasitoid attack by causing high mortality of developing parasitoid larvae. Compared with uninfected controls, experimentally infected aphids were as likely to be attacked by ovipositing parasitoids but less likely to support parasitoid development. This strong interaction between a symbiotic bacterium and a host natural enemy provides a mechanism for the persistence and spread of symbiotic bacteria.

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